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Technology
screen printing technology
AddTime:7-23-2012 Editor:admin Hit:4650 From:HC factory

A) 4 structures of screen printer

1)        Worktable. To put fixture and article, different type of screen printer with different worktable, there are mainly 4 styles worktable: flat worktable, T type worktable, vacuum worktable and cylinder worktable. The size of worktable can be customized according to the article. 

2)        Screen printing system.   Install squeegee to scrape ink.

3)        Screen plate system. To put screen plate and ink.

4)        Control panel. There are 2 kinds of printing model, one time printing for sample test and automatic printing for mass production.

 

B) 4 kinds of screen printing machine

1)     According to printing modelmanual screen printer, pneumatic screen printer and electric screen printer

2)     According to print color single color screen printer2 colors s printer, 4 colors screen printer, 6 colors screen printer, 8 colors screen printer and 10 colors screen printer.

3)    According to the worktable system: vacuum flat screen printer (suit to print soft and thin article, as paper, film), T type worktable screen printer (suit to print hard plane product), cylinder screen printer(suit to print round and ellipsoid product, as bottle), and rotate screen printer( spider machine suit to print on garment, bag etc)

4)    According to the print colourflat screen printer and cylinder screen printer.

 

C) 4 factors about screen printing:

1)        Screen plate. Take net yarn tension, mesh count, screen frame size into consideration to make it according the material of article.

2)        Squeegee.

3)        Screen printing ink. There are solvent ink, UV ink and varnish. You should choose ink according by the material of article to test.

4)        Fixture. Make jig by the shape and size of article. General request is that the top of cross section of jig parallel to the screen plate.

D) How to choose squeegee?

1)        Mixed type squeegee suit high speed screen printing, because the side touch the product in front of squeegee can cure.

2)        Round type squeegee use for plane article, like paper, garment, etc, especially good for thick and thin lines printing and dot matrix printing.

3)        Triangle sharp type squeegee can print on glass and plastic bottles, also with textile fine printing.

4)        Groove squeegee for container such irregular product printing.

5)        By the shape of product. Rectangular section for plane article, triangular section for cylinder article,

6)        By the hardness of product: 55—65 degree is soft style, for medium press regular and irregular article, 65—75 degree is medium style, for all kinds of printing, 75—95 degree is hard style, for fine screen printing.

E5 features of good screen printing ink:
    
1
Well viscosity to the print surface.
    
2
good liquidity.
    
3usually standard ink thickness is 7μm

    
4ink gloss without change by the article surface.

     5Dry fast, and not effect ink viscosity.

 

F) How to control the thickness of screen ink

  1. 1) Ink printed on article is thicker if the angle of squeegee is smaller, and the opposite also works.
  2. 2) Ink is thinner if the viscosity of ink is bigger and thicker, and the opposite also works.
  3. 3)Ink is thicker if the substrates of article are coarser.
  4. 4) Ink is thinner if print speed is higher, it works the opposite side.
  5. 5) Ink gets thicker if the print environment with higher temperature.

GFixture

     Fixture is specially made by the shape and size of product, clip product on  worktable steady, now days it’s very popular to make jig by putty and hardner.

Cylinder screen printer should make one set of fixture including gear.

                                        Screen plate making process:

  

 

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